The Day of the Dead, is a celebration to honor and remember the dead and it goes back to the pre-Hispanic era, during this time, the cult of death was present in different cultures throughout Mexico.
After the arrival of the Spaniards, this holiday was mixed with the Catholic feasts of the All Souls Day. For the Mexicas, the final destiny of people was determined by their behavior in life.
The Mictlan was the place for the dead, the dead were going through a process for four years to leave the body and emotions in its path.
There were nine levels that were obstacles that people had to overcome. The first, a river that people crossed with the help of a dog, a xoloitzcuintle.
The last level represented the passage of nine rivers and it was like meeting all emotions, in a process of purification.
The celebration takes place on November 1 and 2. On the night of October 31 the first candles are lit to receive the little ones that are dead, the children. The 1 is All Saints' Day.
The night from 1 to 2, the offering reaches its maximum splendor. You pray and in some regions of the country you spend the night in the pantheons. It is the All Souls Day. At the end of the celebration, all the dishes and drinks of the offering are tasted.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, the Catrina was added, the skull created by the engraver José Guadalupe Posada, the Catrina is always dressed in different colorful ways, as a satirical vision of how we mock of the death in Mexico.
In Mexico, the traditions of this celebration include visiting loved ones at the cemeteries and preparing altars with food, candles, incense, photographs and flowers to remember them.
It is only during these days that the souls of those loved ones can return for a while. The Mexican Day of the Dead tradition is a celebration to remember those who are no longer here.